Information provided by Quest Diagnostics
ANA Screen, IFA, Reflex Titer/Pattern
Autoimmune rheumatic diseases are conditions in which the immune system attacks the joints and certain systems. They are often difficult to diagnose, as their symptoms can be vague, vary from patient to patient, and often overlap. Laboratory testing can provide useful information, but no single test provides a definitive diagnosis for any one rheumatic disease.
Diagnosis is most often based on a compilation of symptoms and signs, including clinical information and laboratory test results. Testing for antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) using an immunofluorescence assay (IFA) is a good first approach for laboratory evaluation of patients suspected of having certain autoimmune rheumatic diseases.